The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine constitutes a bridge between laboratory sciences and clinical medicine.
It offers a wide variety and series of diagnostic tests for both inpatient and outpatient departments.
Equipped with a state-of-the-art technology machines and supervised by a vigilant experienced pathologist and laboratory medicine specialists, our laboratory provides the most updated and accurate testing results in a professional, caring environment.
The department operates 24 hours a day and 7 days a week (even for outpatients with no appointments) in a welcoming, friendly environment.
This department includes:
- Anatomic Pathology: Responsible for all anatomical specimens and consists of Surgical Pathology, Cytopathology.
- Clinical Pathology which consists of the following sections:
- Clinical Chemistry:
Offers a wide variety of laboratory tests, including general chemistry profiling, enzyme determination, lipid profile, cardiac risk markers, liver function tests, kidney profile, endocrinology tests, tumor markers, individual protein quantitation and electrophoresis, and therapeutic drug monitoring.
- Clinical Hematology:
Services include automated and manual blood counts, coagulation studies, study of red blood cell disorders, as well as CSF and other body fluid analyses.
- Clinical Microbiology:
*Bacteriology: Provides services for identification of bacteria and other microorganisms causing human pathogenic infections related to different body sites and organs.
Rapid direct antigen detection is also done in this section to diagnose a wide range of infections (soluble Ags in CSF, C. difficille, Rota virus and influenza viruses. It also performs a variety of drug susceptibility testing to help in antimicrobial treatment. This section also covers services related to mycobacterial ( Mycobacteriology) and fungal (Mycology) infections ( detection of different types of yeast and mold, and performing susceptibility test for yeast).
*Microscopy/Parasitology: Provides several services pertaining to investigate parasitic infection, detection of blood, fat, and reducing substances in stools. Another major test is urinalysis, which incorporates chemical analysis and microscopy. Moreover, detection/identification of crystals in joint fluid, Bence jones proteins, as well as semen analysis are also handled in this section.
*Serology: Offers a wide variety of tests that help in the diagnosis of infectious and non-infectious diseases based on detecting antigen and antibody reactions. These are detected using agglutination, flocculation, indirect hemagglutination and enzyme- linked immunosorbent assays.
Our department has established links with recognized laboratories in France and Switzerland to refer requests not performed in our laboratories. Under special conditions, the laboratory is prepared to handle specialized requests and assist in their shipment to other specialized laboratories.
- Phlebotomy Services
Two types of services are available:
- Outpatient phlebotomy: All outpatient phlebotomy services are provided on a walk-in, first-come-first-served basis. Patients are instructed for proper collection of stool, urine specimens or semen in the outpatient area.
- Inpatient Phlebotomy: Phlebotomists collect blood samples following physicians’ requests.
At any time, specimens are collected and delivered to the laboratory by the house staff in charge of the patients.
- Stat Testing
“STAT” (short for turn-around time) tests are requested only in situations where the patient’s clinical condition requires rapid response from the laboratory. Abuse of the “STAT” designation may delay testing in truly urgent clinical situations. All tests coming from the following services are considered as “STAT” tests and are therefore given priority: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Coronary Care Unit (CCU), Emergency Department (ED), Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and Cardiac Surgery Unit (CSU).
- Turnaround Time
A turnaround time of 45-60 minutes should be generally expected from the time a sample is received in the specific laboratory section for non-culture requests. STAT may vary according to the procedure requested; this depends on the number of STAT procedures already in process, available personnel, and operating status of the equipment.
Laboratory Information System
The LIS of the Department of Laboratory Medicine allows physicians remotely to:
. Order patient tests
. View previously ordered tests
. View patient test results and their trends
. View archived patient test results
The LIS is linked by mail to the hospital floors, emergency room, and recovery room. To access the LIS, physicians and nurses require authorized access.